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Elements of a person’s social history can help explain behavioural disturbance. Vivid memories of traumatic past experiences may be triggered during every day activities, and the person may have trouble distinguishing between their memories and the current situation.

When you consider the person’s behaviour, think about the role that the following elements play:

  • Cultural Background customs, traditions, language.
  • Life History personal memories, accomplishments, interests.
  • Personality introverted and quiet, loud and gregarious, sense of humour.
  • Spirituality religious beliefs, personal experiences.
  • Values and beliefs ability to trust others, acceptance of support, moral framework, respect for others.
  • Social connections and support networks roles within the community, homes.
  • Sexuality desires, instincts, preferences, feelings, beliefs.
  • Interests and hobbies sports, crafts, music, cooking, gardening.
  • Extraordinary life events positive and negative events, war, trauma, births, deaths.
  • Habits and routines early riser, late to bed, breakfast in bed, eating meals outside / in front of the television, showering.

Useful resources

ServicePublisherWebsite
Personal Life History booklet dementia australia www.dementia.org.au
“This is Me” Life Story Book Dementia Australia Tasmania www.dementia.org.au

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